The quest for fat and sugar, Somer believes, is now hardwired into our brains, governed by dozens of chemicals including endorphins. Serotonin, for example, is the "feel good" chemical. When levels are low, we seem to crave sweets and carbs, which raise serotonin and improve mood. This may help explain why many women crave chocolate near their periods.
  What about the cravings that many pregnant women experience? Growing research suggests that odd food yearnings - and food aversions - may protect the fetus. Some pregnant women lose the desire to drink coffee or wine and turn green at the sight of fish, meat, eggs or vegetables. Instead, they crave sweets, fruits (especially citrus) and dairy products.
  One explanation: These foods are least likely to carry harmful organisms or natural toxins. "It may be your body is telling you to keep your fetus away from anything that might be toxic," says Frances Largeman, managing editor of, a website promoting healthy eating habits.
  Largeman acknowledges that the theory doesn"t account for why some pregnant women hunger for pickles and others for apple strudel. Cravings are difficult to explain scientifically, she says, "because people don"t eat nutrients; they eat food." And everybody"s preferences differ.
  One explanation: These foods are least likely to carry harmful organisms or natural toxins. "It may be your body is telling you to keep your fetus away from anything that might be toxic," says Frances Largeman, managing editor of, a website promoting healthy eating habits.
  Largeman acknowledges that the theory doesn"t account for why some pregnant women hunger for pickles and others for apple strudel. Cravings are difficult to explain scientifically, she says, "because people don"t eat nutrients; they eat food." And everybody"s preferences differ.
  Some experts think cravings are as much a reflection of our social and psychological makeup as they are of our physiological impulses. "Food adds solace to our lives," says Jeff Hampl, a spokesman for the American Dietetic Association. "Often, cravings are tied to a childhood experience and good feelings associated with it. There"s a subconscious desire to replace those emotions."
  This would explain my predilection for rapini, since my mother serves it every Thanksgiving. Yet regardless of the reason, Largeman — who craves salmon sometimes - thinks you should satisfy a craving when it strikes. "A craving usually just gets worse," She says, "and it could lead to binging."
" />




2019年10月20日 21:22


  Ma began 1998 with the release of Inspired by Bach on Sony Classical, a unique multimedia collaboration with artists from six different disciplines.In addition to the soundtrack recording, with Ma"s new interpretation of the six solo cellos suites of J. S. Bach, the release also includes six short films capturing the cel-list"screativeencounterswithgardendesignerJulieMoir Messervy, choreographer Mark Morris, Kabuki actor Tamasaburo Bando,filmmaker Atom Egoyan,the eighteenth-century artist and architect Piranesi,and ice dancers Christopher Dean and Jayne Torvill.The films have been released on home video by Sony Classical and have won numerous honours—including two 1998 Emmy Awards and 16 Canadian Gemini nominations. Later in the year, Sony Classical released the world premiere recording of John Tavener"s Wake Up…And Die, paired wilh Ma"s perfor mance of Tavener"s celebrated work for cello and orchestra, The Protecting Veil.
   Ma"s remarkable year also included the continued success of Appalachia Waltz, an original recording of traditional American fiddle music that featured Ma with Nashville-based violinist Mark O"Connor and bassist Edgar Meyer, as well as his performance in a music video for director Sally Potter"s feature film The Tango Lesson, in which he plays Astor Piazzolla"s "Libertango." In the last two years, two of Ma"s Sony Classical recordings--Hush with vocalistBobbyMcFerrinandthesoundtracktoImmortal Beloved--have been certified gold records by the Recording Industry Association of America.
   In November 1997 Ma was named Artist of the Year in the Gramophone Awards.
   The magazine noted,"In a year of quite extraordinary diversity, the cellist Yo-Yo Ma has shown that the boundaries of "classical" music need not be restraining as he has vaulted spectacularly from classical cello concertos,to blue-grass1 music via a disc of tangos to a host of2 specially composed works featuring his remarkable talent…" With Ma, there is only one category of music--the kind he wants to make." The Gramophone prize capped a remarkable year of achievement in recording.
  As a performer, Ma maintains a balance between his engagements as soloist with orchestras throughout the world and his recital and chamber music activities. He draws inspiration from a wide circle of collaborators, having created programmes with such artists as Emanuel Ax, Daniel Barenboim, Pamela Frank, Jeffrey Kahane,Young Uck Kim,Jaime Laredo,Bobby McFerrin, Edgar Meyer,MarkO"Connor,Peter Serkin,Isaac Stern, Richard Stoltzman and Kathryn Stott. Each of these collaborations is fuelled by the interaction between or among the artists, and often that process produces music that extends beyond the boundaries of a particular gee, classical or otherwise. One of Mr.Ma"s goals is to understand and demonstrate how music serves as a means of communication in both Western and non- Western cultures.To that end, he has taken time to immerse himself in projects as diverse as native Chinese music and distinctive instruments and the music of the Kalahari bush people in Africa.






  As a little boy, there was nothing I liked better than Sunday aftemoons at my grandfather"s farm in western Pennsylvania. Surrounded by miles of winding stonewalls, the house and barn provided endless hours of fun for a city kid like me. I was used to parlors neat as a pin that seemed to whisper, "Not to be touched!"
  I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the farm, I"d wanted more than anything to be allowed to climb the stonewalls surrounding the property. My parents would never approve. The walls were old; some stones were missing, others loose and crumbling. Still, my yearning to scramble across those walls grew so strong. One spring afternoon, I summoned all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults had gathered after dinner.
  "I, uh, I want to climb the stonewalls," I said hesitantly. Everyone looked up. "Can I climb the stonewalls?" Instantly a chorus went up from the women in the room. "Heavens, no!" they cried in dismay. "You"ll hurt yourself!" I wasn"t too disappointed; the response was just as I"d expected. But before I could leave the room, I was stopped by my grandfather" s booming voice. "Hold on just a minute," I heard him say, "Let the boy climb the stonewalls. He has to learn to do things for himself."
  "Scoot," he said to me with a wink, "and come and see me when you get back." For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure. I"ll never forget what he said. "Fred," he said, grinning, "you made this day a special day just by being yourself. Always remember, there"s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are."
  Many years have passed since then, and today I host the television program Mister Rogers" Neighborhood, seen by millions of children throughout America. There have been changes over the years, but one thing remains the same: my message to children at the end of almost every visit, "There"s only one person in this whole world like you, and people can like you exactly as you are."
  1 neat as a pin极为整洁
  2 property n.房产;地产;房地产
  3 crumbling adj.倒塌的
  4 scramble vi. 攀登;爬上;登上
  5 summon vt.鼓起;奋起;使出
  6 chorus n. 一齐;齐声;异口同声说的话
  7 dismay n. 沮丧;灰心
  8 booming adj. 发出低沉声音的


  Whatever the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve.
  Back in the 19th century, two brothers had an idea which eventually became their passionate dream. Their pursuit of that dream was rewarded with an accomplishment that changed the world travel.
  On Friday December 17, 1903 at 10:35 a. m., the Wright brothers(Wilbur and Orville) achieved their dream. They flew "the world"s first power driven, heavier than air machine in which man made free, controlled, and sustained flight." This memorable feat took place at Kitty Hawk, North California on a cold windy morning.
  The dream started with an idea that was planted in their minds by a toy given to them by their father. In the words of boys, "late in the autumn of 1878, our father came into the house on evening with some object partly concealed in his hands, and before we could see what it was, he tossed it into the air. Instead of falling to the floor, as we expected, it flew across the room till it struck the ceiling, where it fluttered a while, and finally sank to the floor." This simple toy made of bamboo, cork and stretched rubber bands, fascinated the Wright brothers and sparked their lifelong interest in human flight.
  The Wright brothers were great thinkers. They enjoyed learning new things. Initially, they recycled broken parts, built a printing press and opened their own printing office. Their interest moved to bicycles and in 1893, they opened the Wright Cycle Company where they sold and repair bicycles. But Wilbur(the old brother) had his mind set on something more exciting. He decided to seriously pursue flying.
  The brothers spend many hours searching, testing their machines and making improvements after unsuccessful attempts at human flight. What started out as a hobby soon became a passion. With determination and patience their realized their dream in 1903.
  The next time you hear or see an airplane or travel on one, remember where it all started. A simple idea conceived in the minds of two young men who did not finish high school. Believe it or not, they did not have a University degree in Aeronautical Engineering, Mathematics, Physics or any other subject. They were not scientists in the true sense of the word. In fact, many of their peers who did not witness their accomplishment, had trouble believing that two bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio did what they claimed.
  What idea or ideas are you working on? Have you said you can"t do this or that because you are not a scientist? Have you limited yourself by saying you are not smart enough? Or have you joined the majority in saying that everything has already been invented or discovered?
  Since the introduction of the first generation of personal computers in 1981, we are able to do many things more efficiently. With a super computer between your ears and the personal computer at your fingertips, your dream can be achieved. First, give birth to that dream with an idea. A simple idea that anyone of us can conceive!



  一Anne Frank
  Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank was a German-born Jewish girl from the city of Frankfurt. She gained international fame posthumously following the publication of her diary which documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
  Anne and her family moved to Amsterdam in 1933 after the Nazis gained power in Germany, and were trapped by the occupation of the Netherlands, which began in 1940. As persecutions against the Jewish population increased, the family went into hiding in July 1942 in hidden rooms in her father Otto Frank’s office building. After two years, the group was betrayed and transported to concentration camps. Seven months after her arrest, Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, within days of the death of her sister, Margot Frank. Her father Otto, the only survivor of the group, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that her diary had been saved, and his efforts led to its publication in 1947. It was translated from its original Dutch and first published in English in 1952 as The Diary of a Young Girl. Anne Frank has been acknowledged for the quality of her writing, and has become one of the most renowned and discussed of Holocaust victims.
  二、Samantha Smith
  Image: 1985 USSR Stamp with “Samantha Smith” in Cyrillic.
  Samantha Reed Smith was an American schoolgirl from Manchester, Maine who became famous in the Cold War-era United States and Soviet Union. In November 1982, when Smith was 10 years old, she wrote to Soviet leader Yuri Andropov, seeking to understand why the relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were so tense. Her letter was published in the Soviet newspaper Pravda. Samantha was happy to discover that her letter had been published, however, she had not received a reply. She then sent a letter to the Soviet Union’s Ambassador to the United States asking if Mr. Andropov intended to respond. On April 26, 1983, she received a response from Andropov. Smith attracted extensive media attention in both countries as a “Goodwill Ambassador”, and became known as “America’s Youngest Ambassador” participating in peacemaking activities in Japan. She wrote a book and co-starred in a television series, before her death at the age of 13 in the Bar Harbor Airlines Flight 1808 plane crash.
  三、Hector Pieterson
  Image: Sam Nzima’s famous June 16, 1976 photograph of Mbuyisa Makhubo carrying Hector Pieterson, accompanied by Hector’s sister, Antoinette.
  Hector Pieterson (1964 – 16 June 1976) became the iconic image of the 1976 Soweto uprising in apartheid South Africa when a news photograph by Sam Nzima of the dying Hector being carried by a fellow student, was published around the world. He was killed at the age of 12 when the police opened fire on protesting students. For years, June 16 stood as a symbol of resistance to the brutality of the apartheid government. Today, it is known as National Youth Day — a day on which South Africans honour young people and bring attention to their needs.
  Hong Kong has taken over from Tokyo as the world"s most expensive city, according to a lifestyle survey which also reveals the gap between the costliest and cheapest cities is narrowing. Moscow muscles in at second place in the survey, released by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, with Tokyo third. At the other end of the scale, Johannesburg replaced Blantyre, Malawi as the cheapest city on the planet. Mercer said the gulf between those at the top and bottom of the pile had narrowed by nearly 15 percent in the 12 months to March 2002. The research took New York as the base city with a nominal score of 100 points. Hong Kong scored 124.2; the South African metropolis just 34.4. It measured the comparative cost of over 200 items such as housing, food, clothing and household goods as well as transport and entertainment in 144 cities worldwide. St. Petersburg in Russia and London were the two most expensive cities in Europe, while in the United States, New York was far and away the costliest city, followed by Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco. Elsewhere, Buenos Aires had the most dramatic fall, plunging from 23rd to 133rd following Argentina"s economic crisis and devaluation of the peso. New Zealand and Australian cities continued to show they are probably the best bet for cheap but high quality living, with scores consistently around 50 or below while at the same time ranking in the top 30 for quality of life in another Mercer survey released in March 2002.
  一、1.[sleeping改为asleep]2.[very改为too] 3.[√]4.[it改为which]
   8.[serious改为seriously] 9.[and改为but]10.[that后加will]
  四、1.[saw改为seeing或前加who]2.[on改为up]3. [√]4.[not后加be]